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Part of the hoard consisting of 15 silver Roman coins, two silver brooches, three glass beads and three amber beads. They come from a small deposit of coins and ornaments, which consists of 39 denarii, 26 complete glass and amber beads as well as several incomplete specimens, and fragments of metal ornaments, including three silver brooches.

The coins from the hoard include four denarii from the Flavian dynasty (AD 69-96): Vespasian (3) and Domitian (1), whereas the majority (35) come from the Nerva-Antonine dynasty (AD 96-192): Trajan (1), Hadrian (4), Antoninus Pius (14), Marcus Aurelius (9), Lucius Verus (1) and Commodus (6).

The glass beads and amber lathed beads are in various shapes. They are dated to the middle of the 3rd century – the first half of the 5th century AD.

Both silver brooches have two-part constructions. The first one has a strap bow and a diamond-shaped foot decorated with carved crossed lines. This type of brooches was very common among Gothic cultures between the mid-3rd and the early 5th century AD. The second brooch has a bow wrapped in wire and a foot decorated with metopes. Its form has affinity to type Praga (after Schulze-Dorrlamm), although it seems slightly younger than the classic specimens of this type due to its construction and dimensions.
Discovery: the hoard was discovered during archaeological research carried out in 2015, in the connection with building of the Ostrów Wielkopolski bypass, in place which has been settled several times in the prehistory and the early Middle Ages. The objects from the deposit were partly scattered and covered with tarnish resulting from the impact of high temperature from younger, early-medieval production pits which functioned in the immediate vicinity of the place where the hoard had been hidden. At the same site, during a field survey conducted in 2012, another deposit was discovered, including 67 Roman denarii dated to the same period as the aforementioned coins.

Chronology:

Denarii are dated to the second half of the 1st century – the end of 2nd century AD, dating of the brooches, however, indicates that the hoard was deposited in the second half of the 5th century AD.

Museum collection:

the Regional Museum in Kalisz

by L. Ziąbka

Exhibition organised by:

mns uw

Project co-organised by:

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  • Muzeum Okręgowe Ziemi Kaliskiej w Kaliszu-logo
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